Acne types, causes and Treatment
Study say that in 2019 Acne estimated to affect more than 300 million peoples globally. This makes acne the most common disease worldwide. Acne is a long-term skin disease also called as Acne Vulgaris. Such disease takes place when hair follicles are been clogged with dead skin cells. This is characterized by whiteheads or blackheads, oily skin, pimples and much more. Mostly the affected area of this skin disease is the face, upper part of chest and back. This appearance can lead anxiety and reduces self-esteem. There are number of treatment and option available for acne which includes medications, changing lifestyle and medical procedures.
Classification of Acne Vulgaris
Acne Vulgaris are classified in 3 stage they are as follows;
- Mild Acne; Mild Acne are mostly defined by the presence of clogged skin follicles which are also known as comedones. This type of acne are limited to face.
- Moderate Acne; Moderate Acne are found on the trunk of the body. This type of acne occurs when higher number of pustules and papules occurs on face as compared to mild cases of acne.
- Severe Acne; In this type of acne involvement of trunk is extensive. This occurs when nodules are the characteristic facial lesions.
What are the signs and symptoms of Acne?
Features of Acne Vulgaris includes increase secretion of oily sebum by the skin, comedones, microcomedones, papules, pustules, nodules (large papules). Probably the appearance Acne Vulgaris varies with the colour of the skin. This may result in psychological and social problems.
What are the causes of Acne?
The development of Acne, rather than genetics, have not been yet identified. The secondary contributors include infections, hormones, stress and diet. Moreover, sunlight are not associated with Acne.
How to manage Acne?
There are lots of different treatments carried out for treatment of Acne. They include anti-androgen medications,benzoyl peroxide, alpha hydroxy acid, antiseborrheic medications, salicylic acid, antibiotics, keratolytic soaps, retinoids, hormonal treatments, nicotinamide, and azelaic acid. The first line treatment recommended to treat Acne includes benzoyl peroxide, topical retinoids, and topical or oral antibiotics. Light therapy and laser therapy are not used as the first line treatment. Improvement in Acne can be seen after 6 to 8 weeks after starting the therapy.
Generic Retin-A is the medication used to treat Acne Vulgaris. This cream helps to make the skin soft and remove the acne that are developed in your body. This drug has been approved by FDA so this can be used by anyone who wants to treat their Acne Vulgaris.