Gynecomastia: The Reason behind Breast Issues in Men
It is the desire of every man to have fully grown body parts as it depicts your true sex or gender. Unfortunately, some health complications can end up changing the physical appearance of a man. Most men who have these complications tend to avoid interacting with other people around them. This is because they fear insults and ridicule from those who are around them. One of these health complications is Gynecomastia, a health complication that makes the breast tissues of men to swell.
Gynecomastia is mainly brought about by an imbalance of two hormones in the body i.e. Testosterone and Oestrogen. Testosterone is a hormone that is tasked with the responsibility of guiding the sexual growth of men during puberty. Oestrogen on the hand is a hormone that is mostly found in women although men tend to have small amounts of this hormone. Gynecomastia comes about when the levels of Oestrogen in the body of a man is more than that of Testosterone. This in turn causes female characteristics like swelling of the breast i.e. Gynecomastia. There are different factors that tend to reduce Testosterone levels. These may include:
- An injury or infection that affects the testicles, which are tasked with the responsibility of making Testosterone
- Obesity that tends to increase the levels of Oestrogen in the body
- Liver disease
- Kidney Failure
Men who are suffering from Gynecomastia will have to live with quite a number of symptoms unless they look for the correct medication. Gynecomastia will first appear as a fatty tissue that is below the nipple. Most patients will link this symptom to breast cancer although it rarely affects men. The fatty tissue will then cause swelling of a patient’s breasts after a couple of days. This swelling is usually uneven hence making a man very uncomfortable while at the same time reducing morale levels.
Swollen breasts do not necessarily mean that you are suffering from Gynecomastia. It is for this reason that you should consult a doctor if you notice any difference in your body parts. The doctor will then carry out a number of tests to determine the real reason behind this symptom. These tests may include blood or urine tests that determine the level of Oestrogen and Testosterone in a patient’s body. The doctor may also have to perform a Biopsy (Mammogram) to check whether there are any signs of breast cancer.
Patients with Gynecomastia will have to consult an Endocrinologist, a doctor who handles hormonal problems in the body. Most cases of Gynecomastia will go away on their own once there is a balance of Oestrogen and Testosterone. An Endocrinologist may decide to prescribe medications that cause a balance in hormones if the problem fails to go away on its own. If the problem is severe, then you will have to undergo surgery that will completely remove breast gland tissue. After a successful surgery, you will be able to continue with your normal life without facing any issue.