Everyone has to face Diarrhea once or twice in a year. It is a loose, watery and possible more frequently bowel movements. Mostly diarrhea last for two or three days. But if it last for weeks or more it can indicate a serious problem which may include persistent infection, inflammatory bowel disease, or a less serious condition, such as irritable bowel syndrome.

What are the symptoms of Diarrhea?
Symptoms associated with Diarrhea may include:

  • Urgent need to have a bowel movement
  • Loose, watery stools
  • Abdominal pain
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Blood in the stool
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Bloating

When to consult a doctor?
Adult should consult a doctor if,

  • You have severe abdominal or rectal pain
  • Your diarrhea persists beyond two days
  • You have bloody or black stools
  • You become dehydrated
  • You have a fever above 102 F
  • In small and young children diarrhea can lead to dehydration. Consult your doctor if diarrhea does not improve in 24 hours.

What are the causes of Diarrhea?
A number of conditions and diseases can cause diarrhea which may include,

Viruses:
Some virus may cause diarrhea include Norwalk virus, viral hepatitis and cytomegalovirus. Rotavirus is a common cause of diarrhea in childhood.

Bacteria:
Contaminated water or food may transmit bacteria and parasites to your body. Parasite like cryptosporidium andGiardia lamblia can cause diarrhea. Bacterium causes of diarrhea may include campylobacter, shigella, salmonella, and Escherichia coli.

Medication:
Also, medication like antibiotic can cause diarrhea. Antibiotic help to destroy both bad and good bacteria. This can disturb balance of bacteria in your intestine. Other drugs like cancer drug, antacid also can cause diarrhea.

Lactose:
Lactose is a sugar found in dairy products. Some people have difficulty to digest lactose, and they may have diarrhea after eating dairy products.

Fructose:
Fructose is a sugar found in honey and in fruits. Some people may cause diarrhea who have trouble in digesting this.

Surgery:
Some people may have diarrhea after undergoing some surgical treatments.

Other Digestive Disorders:
Chronic Diarrhea has number of causes which include ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, microscopic colitis, celiac disease, and irritable bowel syndrome.

Treatment for Diarrhea:
In most cases diarrhea get clear on their own in one or two days without any treatment. Doctors sometimes medication or some other treatment for diarrhea which are as follows.

Antibiotics:
Certain antibiotics help to treat diarrhea which are causes by bacteria or parasites. Sometime virus causes your diarrhea and at that stage antibiotics will not work.

Lifestyle and home remedies:
Individual can also use home remedies to cure diarrhea which are as follows,

  • Drink plenty of clear liquids, which include water, broths and juices. You should avoid caffeine and alcohol.
  • Just add semisolid and low-fiber foods as your bowel movements return to normal. Try soda crackers, eggs, toast, rice or chicken.
  • You should avoid certain foods like dairy products, high-fiber foods, fatty foods, or highly seasoned foods for some days.

The best way for your doctor or expert is to figure out what’s causing your diarrhea. For that he need some kind of information from you which are as follows,

  • If there is blood or mucus in your diarrhea
  • How watery it is
  • Do certain foods make you better or worse?
  • Are you taking some type of antibiotics?
  • If anyone around you has it
  • Do you have a fever?
  • Have you traveled anywhere recently?
  • Do you have stomach pain?
  • Do you feel dizzy or confused?

Sometime doctor may also want to get the sample of your stool to send for lab testing. Sometimes he mas also order for blood test.