Asthma is also called as Bronchial Asthma. Asthma is a condition in which your airways swells, narrow and also produces some extra mucus. This may make difficulty in breathing and triggers wheezing and coughing.

For some patient asthma is just a normal thing. But for some it can be major problem that interferes in their daily routine and also can lead to an asthma attack. Asthma can’t be totally cured but the symptoms can be controlled using certain medication. Asthma often changes with time. So, it’s better to consult your doctor and track the symptoms and treated accordingly.

What are the symptoms of Asthma?
The symptoms of asthma may vary from person to person. Following are the signs and symptoms of Asthma:

  • Chest tightness
  • Pain in chest
  • Shortness of breath
  • Trouble in sleeping caused by coughing and wheezing
  • Wheezing or whistling sound while exhaling
  • Coughing attacks that are worsened by a respiratory virus which include cold or flu.

Following are the symptoms when asthma is worsening:

  • Increasing difficulty in breathing.
  • Patient need to use a quick-relief inhaler more often.

For some patient asthma may show sign and symptoms in the following situation:

  • Exercise-induced asthma — This may be worse when the air is cold and dry
  • Occupational asthma — This triggered by workplace irritants such as gases, chemical fumes, or dust.
  • Allergy-induced asthma — This may triggered by airborne substances, such as mold spores, pollen, cockroach waste or particles of skin.

What are the causes of Asthma?
Till now, it is not clear why some people has asthma and some people don’t. But this is due to combination of genetic and environmental factors. Asthma triggers may vary from person to person, and they may include:

  • Airborne substances, such as dust mites, pollen, pet dander, mold spores, or particles of cockroach waste.
  • Respiratory infections which may include common cold.
  • Physical activity
  • Cold air
  • Irritants and Air pollutants, such as smoke
  • Certain medications, like aspirin, ibuprofen, beta blockers, and naproxen.
  • Strong emotions, and also stress.
  • Preservatives added to some types of foods and beverages, including dried fruit, shrimp, processed potatoes, beer and wine.

Treatment for Asthma:
Prevention and long-term control helps asthma attack to stop before they start. Individual should learn to recognize their trigger and taking certain steps to avoid them. Is asthma worsen patient should use quick relief inhaler like Albuterol.

Following are the steps for treatment:

Medication:
The proper medication for you mainly depend on the following things — your age, symptoms, and also asthma triggers. Long-term medication helps to reduce the inflammation in airways which lead to asthma symptoms. Use quick relief inhalers to quickly open swollen airways that limits your breathing. Sometimes allergy medications are also necessary.

Long-Term Medication:
Generally this medication is taken daily. This keeps the asthma under control, and you are less likely to have asthma attacks. Following is the long-term control medication for asthma attacks:

  • Inhaled corticosteroids
  • Leukotriene modifiers
  • Long-acting beta agonists
  • Combination inhalers
  • Theophylline
  • Quick relief medication for Asthma attack.

Some medications is used as needed for rapid and short term symptoms during asthma attack. Quick relief medication is given below:

  • Short-acting beta agonists
  • Ipratropium (Atrovent)
  • Oral and intravenous Corticosteroids
  • If individual have an asthma flare-up than quick relief inhaler in necessary to ease your symptoms.
  • But if you are taking medication for long-term then avoid use of inhaler as medication is properly working for you.

Bronchial Thermoplasty:
This type of treatment is not widely available and also not right for everyone. This is used only with patient having severe asthma if the asthma does not improve by inhaler or certain long-term medications.