Diabetes is also called Diabetes Mellitus. This is a type of disease in which blood sugar or blood glucose level are too high. Actually glucose comes from the food you eat. Diabetes are of 2 types.

Type 1 Diabetes:
10% of people with diabetes are having Type 1 Diabetes. Generally, Type 1 Diabetes are caused by an autoimmune reaction in which body’s system attacks the cell producing insulin. Thus, body produces very little or you can say no insulin. The exact cause of Type 1 Diabetes are yet to be known but studies say they are combination of genetic and environmental conditions. People of any age can have Type 1 Diabetes buy more often they develop in children or young adults. Daily injections are mandatory with Type 1 Diabetes in order to maintain their blood glucose level. If not maintain then there are chances of severe death.

What are the Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes?
The symptom of Type 1 Diabetes are as follows,

  • Sudden weight loss
  • Lack of energy, tiredness
  • Abnormal thirst and dry mouth
  • Bedwetting
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Constant hunger

What are the types of Insulin?

People with Type 1 Diabetes need to take Insulin regularly to control their blood glucose levels. There are different types of insulin which depends on how quickly they work and for how many times they long for. Insulin for such type of diabetes are commonly delivered with insulin pen, pump or syringe. Following are the types of insulin.

  • Rapid-Acting — This insulin is taken just before the meal or with a meal.
  • Short-Acting — This is usually taken before meal. This is also called neutral or regular insulin.
  • Intermediate-acting — This insulin is taken together with Short-acting Insulin. This medication lasts for 7 hours.
  • Long-Lasting — This insulin is steadily released and last in the body for up to 24 hours. This insulin is commonly taken in the morning or evening before going to sleep.

Type 2 Diabetes:

Around 90% Diabetes cases are having Type 2 Diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes are characterized by Insulin Resistance where the body of the diabetes patient does not respond to insulin. In such case insulin cannot work properly as a result blood glucose level keep rising and releasing more insulin. Type 2 diabetes are mostly seen in older adults. But now they are also seen in children and younger ones because of their growing obesity and poor diet system.

What are the symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?

Symptoms of Type 2 are slightly same as Type 1 Diabetes.

  • Lack of energy, tiredness
  • Tingling or numbness in hands and feet
  • Excessive thirst and dry mouth
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow healing wounds
  • Recurrent infections in the skin

The above symptoms can be absent or mild thus people with Type 2 diabetes may live for many years.

Medication used for Type 2 Diabetes.
The oral medication used for type 2 diabetes are Metformin and Sulfonylureas.

How can we prevent type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 Diabetes can be prevented by taking care of your healthy diet, regular, and physical activity. Health diet help to reduce the amount of Calories.

Glimepiride is a prescription drug mainly used to control the glucose level in body. This medication effectively treats Type 2 Diabetes. Moreover, Glimepiride is an FDA approved drug used for reducing blood level in Type 2 diabetes.